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1. Albert Carman
A commanding figure in Canadian Methodism during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Carman was born an Iroquois and educated at Victoria College, Cobourg. He worked briefly as a teacher and was then appointed principal of the Belleville Seminary, later Albert College, in 1858. A masterful administrator and, after entering the Methodist Episcopal ministry, a militant advocate for Methodist education, Carman spearheaded the successful development of this Methodist school during his 17-year term. Following his election as a bishop in 1874, Carman gained increasing prominence in church affairs, particularly as an ardent supporter of union among the Methodist denominations. When union was achieved in 1884, Carman became a General Superintendent of the Methodist Church, a post he held until his retirement in 1914.

2. Alexander Ferrie Kemp
Alexander Ferrie Kemp (1822-84) was born in Strathclyde, Scotland; he became a Presbyterian clergyman and educator in Canada. Kemp attended the University of Edinburgh and Presbyterian College in London, England and was ordained in 1850 by the Free Church of the Presbytery of Lancashire. Kemp was appointed as chaplain to the 26th Foot Regiment (Cameronians or Scottish Rifles) stationed in Bermuda. In 1855, Kemp accepted a position at the St. Gabriel Street Church in Montreal, and as the clerk of the Presbytery of Montreal. He left Montreal in 1865 to serve at St. Andrew’s Church in Windsor, Canada West (Ontario). He was a noted scholar, an editor of the Canadian Presbyter newsletter, and published several articles on the botany of Bermuda, the United States and Canada. Criticized for his views on the lack of progress in the Canada Presbyterian Church since its formation in 1861, he resigned and began teaching at colleges throughout Canada and the United States. In 1878, he became principal of the Ottawa Ladies’ College and retired in 1883.

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3. Archbishop Denis T. O'Connor
Born in Pickering, Canada West (Ontario), Denis T. O’Connor (1841-1911) was the first Canadian-born Roman Catholic Archbishop of Toronto. Following completion of his studies at St. Michael’s College in Toronto, O’Connor entered the Congregation of St. Basil in 1859, and was ordained to the priesthood in 1863. O’Connor was appointed as superior of Assumption College in Sandwich (Windsor) in 1869, where he served for 20 years and enlarged the campus, curriculum and tripled the number of students. In 1890, he was consecrated as Bishop of London, where he maintained tight control of diocesan finances, and insisted on a highly-trained clergy. His tenure as Bishop of London was a success and, in 1899, he was elevated to Archbishop of Toronto. O’Connor’s control of parochial funds and strict adherence to church doctrine in an increasingly pluralistic society stabilized the growing archdiocese. His legacy remains that of an educator and prudent financial manager during a period of great adjustment in the Catholic community.

4. Archbishop Fergus McEvay
Born in Lindsay, Canada West (Ontario), Fergus McEvay (1851-1911) was a Roman Catholic priest and archbishop in Toronto. After completing his studies at St. Michael’s College in Toronto, McEvay was ordained to the priesthood in 1882. He served in the dioceses of Peterborough and Hamilton and, in 1899, was consecrated Bishop of London. McEvay advocated for separate Roman Catholic schools and more clergy for the diocese. He also acted as mediator, between 1904 and 1907, between the provincial government and Catholic leaders during debates over separate school teacher certification and funding. Elected Archbishop of Toronto in 1908, McEvay actively recruited clergy and established several parishes for new immigrants of specific nationalities. In 1908, he helped found the Catholic Church Extension Society to found missions for Catholic immigrants across the country. In 1910, McEvay established St. Augustine’s Seminary at the Scarborough Bluffs as a training institution for English-speaking Canadian Catholic clergy.

5. Archbishop James Charles Cardinal McGuigan
Born in Hunter River, Prince Edward Island, James Charles McGuigan (1894-1974) was a Roman Catholic Archbishop of Toronto and later a cardinal. After completing studies in theology at Université Laval and Grand Séminaire in Quebec City, McGuigan was ordained in 1918. He taught at St. Dunstan’s University in Charlottetown, and earned his doctorate in Canon Law in 1927. McGuigan served as rector of St. Joseph’s Seminary in Edmonton, Alberta before being consecrated as Archbishop of Regina by Pope Pius XI (1857-1939) in 1930. Archbishop McGuigan was appointed to the See of Toronto in December 1934. While Archbishop of Toronto, McGuigan successfully managed diocesan debt and raised funds for separate Roman Catholic schools. In 1946, McGuigan was created cardinal-priest of Santa Maria del Popolo in Rome, becoming Canada’s first English-speaking cardinal. McGuigan established several national parishes specifically targeting new immigrants to the city, increasing the population of the Archdiocese of Toronto from 125,000 in 1929 to 750,000 in 1973. After expanding the Archdiocese of Toronto and creating the new diocese of St. Catharines, McGuigan retired from his post in 1971.

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6. Archbishop John Joseph Lynch
Born in County Fermanagh, Ireland, John Joseph Lynch (1816-88) was a Catholic priest and archbishop in Canada West (Ontario). Following completion of his studies in Ireland and France, Lynch became a missionary in 1841 and served in Ireland, Texas and Niagara Falls. Lynch was nominated as successor of Bishop Armand-François-Marie de Charbonnel (1802-91) of Toronto, and was consecrated as Bishop of Toronto in 1860. Lynch’s Irish heritage enabled him to connect with the Toronto’s Irish Catholic immigrants who had fled Ireland’s Great Famine (1845-49). Lynch worked to improve conditions in Roman Catholic separate schools and advised the provincial government on educational legislation, but was often drawn into disputes between Catholic and Protestant groups over the schools’ funding. In 1870, while attending Vatican Council I (1869-70) in Rome, Lynch was elevated to Archbishop of Toronto. He also expanded the ranks of clergy in his territory, ordaining 70 priests during his term, and established 40 churches throughout the Diocese of Toronto. Lynch continued to serve as Bishop until his death in 1888.

7. Archbishop John Walsh
Born in Mooncoin, Ireland, John Walsh (1830-98) was a Roman Catholic Archbishop in Ontario. After studying at the Séminaire de Saint-Sulpice in Montreal, he was ordained in Toronto in 1854, and in 1860 became rector of St. Michael’s Cathedral. Walsh proved adept at negotiating disputes between the city’s Catholic and Protestant communities, diffusing a potential clash over the use of Orangemen’s arches during a visit by the Princes of Wales. In 1867, he was consecrated as Bishop of Sandwich (Windsor), the youngest Catholic bishop in Ontario. Addressing his diocese’s existing financial debts, Walsh economized operations and moved his residence from Sandwich to London, a more accessible location. By 1881, the diocese’s debt had been reduced and Walsh began construction of St. Peter’s Cathedral in London. After the death of Archbishop John Joseph Lynch (1816-88), Walsh became Archbishop of Toronto. Prior to his death in 1898, Walsh established the Mount Hope Cemetery, the Sacred Heart Orphan Asylum and the St Vincent de Paul Children’s Aid Society of Toronto.

8. Archbishop Neil McNeil
Born in Hillsborough, Nova Scotia, Neil McNeil (1851-1934) was a Roman Catholic priest, professor and Archbishop in Toronto. Ordained at the Propaganda College in Rome in 1879, McNeil became rector and professor at St. Francis Xavier College in Nova Scotia until 1891. After serving in West Arichat and Descousse in Nova Scotia and St. George’s, Newfoundland, he was consecrated as Bishop of St. George’s in 1904, and became Archbishop of Vancouver in 1910. McNeil continued to administer St. Augustine’s Seminary and the Canadian Catholic Church Extension Society, both founded by his predecessor Archbishop Fergus McEvay (1851-1911). Archbishop McNeil advocated for the fair distribution of taxes to separate schools in Ontario, promoted improved relations between Catholics and Protestants in his diocese and supported the establishment of some 30 new parishes. He also established the China Mission Seminary and Newman Club.

9. Archbishop Philip Pocock
Born in St. Thomas, Ontario, Philip Francis Pocock (1906-1984) was a Roman Catholic Archbishop in Toronto. After completing theological studies at St. Peter’s Seminary in London, Ontario, Pocock was ordained as a priest in 1930 and returned to the Seminary as a professor. Father Pocock was appointed in 1944 as Bishop of Saskatoon and then became Archbishop of Winnipeg in 1952. In 1961, Archbishop Pocock left Winnipeg to serve as Coadjutor Archbishop of Toronto with Archbishop James Charles Cardinal McGuigan (1894-1974). McGuigan retired as Archbishop of Toronto in 1971, leaving Pocock to succeed his post. As Archbishop of Toronto, Pocock established 45 new parishes, and in 1976 established Sharelife, which offers assistance to families in crisis, people with special needs, the elderly, immigrants and refugees, and children and youth. Pocock served in Toronto until 1978 when he resigned and returned to the priesthood at St. Mary’s Parish in Brampton until his death in 1984.

10. Armand-François-Marie de Charbonnel
Armand-François-Marie de Charbonnel (1802-91) was a Roman Catholic priest from France who became Bishop of Toronto in 1850. Charbonnel studied at the Séminaire de Saint Sulpice in Paris before he was ordained in 1825. He arrived in Montreal in 1839 as a missionary and was consecrated in 1850 as Bishop of Toronto in the Sistine Chapel by Pope Pius IX (1792-1878). As bishop, Charbonnel established St. Michael's College, the House of Providence shelter, instituted the St. Vincent de Paul Society and the Toronto Savings Bank. He laid the foundations for a separate Catholic school system with his support of the 1855 Taché Act. Charbonnel, however, felt disliked by his parishioners and clergy and petitioned Rome in 1856 to be relieved from his post. He left for France in 1860 to preach throughout the country, and was made titular Archbishop of Sozopolis (Sozopol, Bulgaria) in 1880 in recognition of his work in Toronto. Charbonnel died at a Capuchin friary in Crest, France in 1891.

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